10 Companions of the Prophet who were promised Paradise
The Prophet (SAW) had ten special fortunate companions who, through their special deeds and unlimited sacrifices, attained the good news of Paradise in this worldly life! Although the Prophet (SAW) gave the glad tidings of Paradise to many of his Companions at different times, he gave the glad tidings of Paradise to these 10 people in the same gathering.
A brief introduction of these 10 Companions of the Prophet is given below:
1) Abu Bakr (R), closest companion of the prophet
The full name of Abu Bakr (R) is Abdullah ibn Abi Kuhafa. Abu Bakr is basically his nickname. He was also known as ‘Siddiq’.
Everyone else had some hesitation before accepting Islam, but Abu Bakr (R) accepted Islam without hesitation. Abu Bakr (R) was the closest companion of the Prophet (SAW) and the first caliph of Islam. He was the first adult to convert to Islam.
Besides, Abu Bakr (R) believed in Miraj as soon as he heard about it, and the Prophet (SAW) conferred on him the title of ‘Siddiq’. During the lifetime of the Prophet (SAW), Abu Bakr (R) took part in several battles. He donated all his wealth to the battle of Tabuk.
2) Umar ibn al-Khattab (R)
Umar (R) was known as Faruq. He converted to Islam in 617 AD at the age of 39. After Umar’s conversion to Islam, Muslims were no longer prevented from praying in public in front of the Kaaba. Avoiding secrecy after converting to Islam, he publicly came out with the Muslims and appeared on the Kaaba premises.
On that day, the Prophet (SAW) gave him the title of ‘Faruq’ (distinguishing between truth and falsehood). He was given this title because of his support for justice. Umar (R) was such a person that even Satan feared him. He was very strict in matters of religion.
3) Uthman bin Affan (R), one of the six Companions of the Prophet
Uthman (R) was known as Jun-Nurain (possessor of two lights). He was the third caliph of Islam. He was one of the six Companions whom the Prophet (SAW) was not displeased with even for a moment. Uthman (R) was the one who gave the most in various jihads. He rebuilt and widened the Masjid Al-Nawabi.
4) Ali bin Abu Talib (R)
Ali (R) was known as Abul Hasan, Abu Turab, Asadullah. He was the cousin of the Prophet (SAW).
Among the young men, Ali (R) was the first to convert to Islam. He was a fearless warrior. The Prophet (SAW) gave him a sword called ‘Zulfiqar’ for his heroism in the battle of Badr.
When he conquered the fortified ‘Kamus Fort’ of Khyber, the Prophet (SAW) gave him the title of ‘Asadullah’ (Lion of Allah). Ali (R) was the 4th Caliph of Islam. Ali (R) was the most experienced among the Companions in the matter of judgment. The Prophet also called him the ‘door of knowledge’.
5) Talha Ibn Ubaidullah (R)
Talha Ibn Ubaidillah (R) was born in Makkah in 594 AD. He was a close companion of the Prophet (SAW). He is best known for his role in the Battle of Uhud and the Battle of Jamal. Unfortunately, he was martyred in the battle of Jamal.
6) Zubair Ibn Al-Awwam (R)
Zubair ibn al-Awwam (R) had the title of ‘Hawari’ of the Messenger. He was one of the first converts to Islam. He has narrated very few hadiths due to his caution despite being a follower and constant companion of the Prophet (SAW). Also, he was endowed with the virtues of generosity, fidelity, benevolence, etc.
Zubair (R) was a brave man. He showed immense bravery in the battle of Badr. To the enemy, the name ‘Zubair’ was a deadly terror. In all the battles in which he has participated, he has shattered the enemy’s defenses.
7) Abdur Rahman Ibn Auf (R)
His original name was ‘Abdul Amr’ or ‘Abdul Kaaba’. After accepting Islam, the Prophet (SAW) named him Abdur Rahman. Abdur Rahman (R) was one of the first six people to convert to Islam.
Due to the prudence of Abdur Rahman (R), the Muslim society has been saved from many big accidents. The war has been won. He used to spend a lot of money
on the people of Medina. Despite being a very wealthy businessman, worldly life could not attract him.
8) Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqqas (R)
The nickname of Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqqas (R) is Abu Ishaq. He is the 17th person to convert to Islam.
He is best known for leading and ruling the Persian conquest in 636 AD. In 616 and 651 AD, he was sent to China on a diplomatic mission.
In the battle of Badr, Sa’d (R) fought with impossible courage. Sa’d (R) was one of the soldiers who devised a strategy to protect the Prophet (SAW) in spite of the horrors of the battle of Uhud. He is also called the tiger of the Battle of Uhud.
In the absence of Bilal (R), he had the good fortune to call to prayer 3 times. He is the first lucky one to shoot an arrow in the way of Allah.
9) Saeed Ibn Zayd (R)
Saeed ibn Zayd (R) was one of the first converts to Islam. He was only twenty years old then. Even before his conversion to Islam, he was a ‘Hanif’. That is refraining from paganism at that time.
Saeed Ibn Zayd (R) was a brave warrior. He was ‘Mustajabud Da’wah’ meaning if he prayed, Allah Almighty would surely accept it.
10) Abu Ubaida ibn Al-Jarrrah (R)
Abu Ubaida ibn al-Jarrah (R) is called ‘Amin Al-Ummah’ or the caretaker of the Ummah. He was born in Makkah in about 581 AD in the tribe of Banu al-Haris ibn Fihr of the Quraish. He was highly respected among the disciples. During the caliphate of Umar, he died of the plague.