10 Surprising Facts About the Ka’bah
Although millions of people visit the Ka’bah every year, there are very few people who are aware of its wonderful wonders inside.
1) The purpose is to surround the Ka’bah with marble stones
During his reign in Makkah, Abdullah bin Zubayr (R) surrounded the Ka’bah with marble stones. It was built to protect the Ka’bah from floods during the rainy season and to protect the kiswah or the cloth coverings of Ka’bah. Fifty-five copper rings were used on the part surrounded by marble to ensure more protection.
2) The Black Stone (Hazar al Aswad) is not an ordinary stone
There is a lot of discussion in the books of Hadith about the characteristics of Hazar al Aswad. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Hazar al Aswad is a stone of Paradise, its color was whiter than milk. Then the sins of the children of Adam made it black. ” (Tirmidhi, Ahmad)
In another hadith, The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Hajar al Aswad is a part of Paradise.” (Ibn Khuzaymah)
3) Virtue of Multazam
Cheeks, chest and hands are circumcised against the walls of the Ka’bah. It is narrated that Ibn Umar (R) performed Tawaf once, performed Salat, and then kissed Hazar al Aswad. Next, he stood between Hazar al Aswad and the door of the Ka’bah in such a way that his cheeks, chest and hands were against the walls of the Ka’bah. Then he said, “I saw the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), do the same.”
4) There is a place inside the Ka’bah where the Prophet (peace be upon him) prayed.
On the opposite side of the entrance to the inner Ka’bah, there is a place where the Prophet (peace be upon him) prayed. This area is indicated by some different colored marbles.
5) Three wooden pillars hold the roof of the Ka’bah
Earlier, six wooden pillars were used to support the roof of the Ka’bah, but now only three are used. Each is 44 cm in diameter and 9 m high. Lamps made of copper and silver hang from the ceiling.
6) Stairs inside the Ka’bah
Inside the Ka’bah there is a door which is made with gold, on the right side. The name of this door is ‘Bab at-Tawba’. It is used to go up to the Ka’bah stairs to climb to the roof of the Ka’bah.
6) Virtue of the Yemeni Corner (Rukune Yemeni)
Ibn Umar (R) said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) saying, “Surely, if you touch these two thing (Hazar al Aswad and Rukune Yemeni), sins will be removed.” (Musnad Ahmad, Nasai)
The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to recite this supplication between Yemeni Corner and Hazar al Aswad: “O our Lord, grant us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the torment of Hell.” (Abu Dawud)
7) Key keeper of the house
During the conquest of Makkah, the Prophet (peace be upon him) was given the key to the Ka’bah, and instead of retaining it, he returned it to ‘Usman ibn Talha of the tribe of Bani Shaybah.
They were the traditional guardians of the Ka’bah for many centuries, and the Prophet (peace be upon him) said to them, “O children of Talha, accept this key until the Day of Resurrection. No one will take it away from you unless you are unjust and oppressive.”
And till now, the keys to the Ka’bah are in the hands of this family.
9) History of Kiswah (Ka’bah’s Gilaf)
In the Islamic era, the Prophet (peace be upon him) was the first to cover the
Ka’bah with a Yemeni cloth. Then Abu Bakr (R), Umar (R), and Usman (R) put on the ‘Kibti’ cloth. It has been proven that Mu’awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan (R) used to cover the Ka’bah twice a year. On the day of Ashura, silk and at the end of Ramadan, Kibti used to cover the Ka’bah.
10. The Covers of Ka’bah is made in Makkah
The Ka’bah’s covering, kiswah is made in an industrial factory in the holy city of Makkah as follows:
– It takes 120 kg of gold yarn, 600 kg of silk yarn and 25 kg of silver yarn to make a new covering (kiswah).
– The cloth is 14 meters long and 44 meters wide.
– More than one and a half hundred experienced tailors participated in the sewing work of this covering.
– Special machines are used to make this covering.
Note that yarn made of gold and silver is used to draw verses of the Qur’an on black silk cloth.