Angel Jibreel: “Gabriel, upon him be peace, taught me to recite the Quran in one reading”

159706668 © Ilkin Guliyev | Dreamstime.com
159706668 © Ilkin Guliyev | Dreamstime.com

We learn that the angel, Jibreel (AS), taught the Prophet (SAW) to recite the Qur’an. We read in a hadith:

Abdullah ibn Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Gabriel, upon him be peace, taught me to recite the Quran in one reading and I requested another. I continued to ask for more until he stopped at seven readings.”

Ibn Shihab said, “It reached me that these seven readings are united in the matter. There is no difference in what they allow and forbid.” (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)

In another hadith, we learn that Jibreel (AS) would come once every year to revise over the Qur’an with the Prophet (SAW). We read:

Fatimah reported: “The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, ‘Gabriel would come to me to revise the Quran once every year. This year he revised with me twice. I do not think it means anything but that my term will come to an end. Verily, you will be the first of the people of my house to meet me.’ So I wept and the Prophet said, ‘Are you not pleased with be the master of the women of Paradise or the believing women?’ So I laughed at that.” (Sahih Bukhari)

We also learn in a hadith that the Prophet (SAW) said Jibreel (AS) came to teach people about Islam. We read:

Abu Huraira reported: “The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, appeared before the public one day when a man came to him and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, what is faith?’ The Prophet said, ‘Faith is to believe in Allah, His angels, His books, His meeting, His messengers, and to believe in the resurrection in the Hereafter.’ He said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, what is Islam?’ The Prophet said, ‘Islam is to worship Allah alone without associating anything with Him, to establish the prescribed prayer, to give obligatory charity, and to fast the month of Ramadan.’ He said, ‘What is excellence?’ The Prophet said, ‘Excellence is to worship Allah as if you see Him. Verily, He sees you although you do not see Him.’ He said, ‘When is the Hour?’ The Prophet said, ‘The one who is asked does not know more than the one asking. Rather, I will relate to you some of its signs: when the slave girl gives birth to her master is among its signs, when the naked and barefooted will become chiefs of the people is among its signs, when the shepherds of black camels will exult themselves in constructing building is among its signs. Concerning the fifth sign, none knows it but Allah.’… Then the man turned away and left. The Prophet said, ‘Bring him back to me,’ but they went to bring him back and found nothing. The Prophet said, ‘He was Gabriel who came to teach the people their religion.’” (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)