Arabic: The language which creates a bonding

Culture 17 Apr 2021 Contributor
Today's Focus
Arabic language
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Arabic is one of the major languages of the world. More than 300 million people in various Arab countries speak it as a mother tongue. The language was adopted as one of the six UN official languages in 1974. Over one billion Muslims in India, Indonesia, Pakistan study Arabic as their second language.

History of Arabic

This language belongs to the Afro Asiatic family of languages. This family consists of over three hundred languages. Arabic and Hebrew are the two important examples of living Semitic languages. The earliest example of Arabic can be seen in an inscription excavated in the Syrian desert. This inscription dates back to the fourth century AD. According to historians, the Arab tribes before the initiation of Islam had a rich oral Arabic poetic tradition. But it was not inscribed until the eighth century AD. At that time, Arabic was a fusion of various Semitic dialects.

Our beloved Prophet(PBUH) received the holy message from almighty Allah in Arabic through Angel Gabriel for a stretch of 23 years. Starting from 610 AD to 632 AD. The Holy Qur’an was originally inscribed to memory by professional reciters named Hufuz and Qur’an.

As Islam spread its wings, different accents and pronunciations intermingled in Qur’an. Finally, a standardized version was finished under the reign of Caliph Uthman Ibn ‘Affan in the seventh century AD. From then, Qur’an became the most sacred bond between Arabic speaking and non-Arabic speaking Muslims.

Arabs, regardless of their religion, and Muslims, regardless of their ethnic origin, consider the Arabic language in the highest esteem.

The spread of Arabic

The language started to spread in the initiation of the eighth century. The Islamic Arab empire started to spread from Persia to Spain. Thus, the intermingling of languages began. In Syria and Palestine, the Aramaic dialect partly got replaced by Arabic. It became a dominant language in Iraq, especially among those who spoke Aramaic and Persian. In Egypt, the process was slow. The Arabization took a long time as the impact of Coptic and Greek language was profound there. Spain and Persia retained their own language, but a little of their population started to take interest in Arabic.

The interaction of Arabic with other languages inflicted the borrowing of new words with enriched the language. This enabled the language to become a suitable medium for governing a large empire.

Arabic got modernized in the 19th century. The westernization of the language made it more acceptable to the new generation of Muslims.

The initiation of Modern Arabic

Arabic got modernized in the 19th century. The westernization of the language made it more acceptable to the new generation of Muslims. The twenty-first century saw a renewed Arabic language which sustained a century of struggle and grew. Presently, Modern Arabic has been recognized as a unifying bond between the Muslims and Arabs… beyond their all diversities.