Battles of Ramadan in the history of Islam
The holy month of Ramadan contains many important and significant events in the history of Islam. They are rich in the history of victory and success, especially in exchange for the sacrifice of the Muslims. This proves that the month of Ramadan is not just a month to get tired and exhausted from fasting, as well as to organize a healthy Iftar. Rather, the history of the month of Ramadan is the history of the abandonment of Muslims. This article highlights the triumph of Ramadan in sacrifice so that we do not forget our history and become engrossed in merry business and extravagant food.
Battles of Ramadan: Historical battle of Badr
Among the battles of Ramadan, the battle of Badr is one of the most memorable and glorious chapters in the history of Islam. The first battle between Iman and Kufr took place at Badr, near Makkah, in the month of Ramadan, 624 A.D. In this war, only 313 unarmed Muslims got a victory in front of thousands of armed soldiers of the disbeliever forces. Allah directly helped the Muslims by sending three to five thousand angels.
In the Holy Qur’an, this battle has been termed as ‘Yaumul Furkan’ (The day that distinguishes between truth and falsehood). A total of 70 infidels including Abu Jahl, Utbah, and Shaybah were killed in the battle of Badr. Another 70 were captured by the Kafir Mujahideen. On the other hand, 14 Muslims achieved the glory of martyrdom. Fascinated by the Prophet’s forgiving treatment of prisoners, many later converted to Islam.
Conquest of Makkah
Another important battle fought during Ramadan. The Prophet (SAW) and his Companions conquered Makkah on the 20th or 21st Ramadan in the eighth Hijri. From this victory, the Prophet (SAW) freed this holy place from the impurity of shirk. The Prophet (SAW) entered Makkah and declared a general pardon. He declared, “Those who keep their doors locked are safe. Those who stay in Abu Sufyan’s house are also safe. Those who take refuge in the Kaaba are also safe.”
Then the Prophet (SAW) entered the Kaaba that day and ordered the first to throw out the idols. At that time there were 360 idols inside of Kaaba. There were also various human paintings on the wall. All these were wiped out. In this way, the holy house of Allah was freed from the impurity of shirk. Then the Prophet (SAW) recited the Takbeer and circumambulated the Kaaba. This was the celebration of his victory.
The difference between Islam and ignorance can be clearly seen by comparing the conquest of Makkah with the conquest of any modern state.
Battles of Ramadan: Historical battle of al-Qadisiyyah
Among the battles of Ramadan, the Battle of al-Qadisiyyah is also mention-worthy. It took place in the month of Ramadan, 15 AH. The battle took place between the Muslims under the leadership of Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas (R) and the Persians under the leadership of Rustom.
The total number of Muslim soldiers in this war was 36 thousand or more. And the army of the disbelievers was two hundred thousand. After four days and three nights of fierce fighting, the Battle of al-Qadisiyyah came to an end. Only 36,000 Muslim soldiers defeated 200,000 well-equipped Persian forces! As a result of this war, the region became part of Iraq and all obstacles to the spread of Islam there were removed. After this battle four thousand Persian soldiers converted to Islam. In addition, various tribes and priests living in Iraq came in groups and embraced Islam from Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqqas (R).
Conquest of Spain- Al Andalus
In Ramadan 92 AH, the brilliant Muslim general Tariq bin Ziyad liberated Spain, (Al-Andalus), in a battle that does not cease to amaze historians.
Tariq bin Ziyad, with a mere 12000 soldiers, faced and defeated King Roderic’s army of 90,000! During that time, Spain was under heavy oppression of the Visigoths and the Church.
After the Muslim conquest, taxes were reduced to a fifth of the produce. Fair wages were introduced. Jewish and Christian minorities also received protection from the state. All communities and religions had equal opportunities for entry into public services and were allowed participation at the highest level of the government.
The Muslim rule brought prosperity and Al-Andalus (Spain) became a beacon of light for Europe.
The battle of Ain Jalut (Defeating Mongols)
In the Hijri 7th century, the Mongols were sweeping across Asia destroying everything that lay in their path. Genghis Khan of Mongols called himself “the scourge of God sent to punish the humans for their sins”.
In the wake of a horrible disaster and with the threat of the whole Muslim world and then Europe being subjected to the same fate, Allah raised up Saifuddin Qutz, from the Mamluks of Egypt. He united the Muslim army and met the Mongols at Ain Jalut on the 25th of Ramadan, 658 AH.
Although under great pressure, the Muslims with the help of Allah, cunning strategy, and unflinching bravery crushed the Mongol army and reversed this tidal wave of horror.