Beautiful Names for Surah Al-Fatiha
The Quran is a miracle and wonder that Allah revealed to His Prophet Muhammad S.A.W and it is a blessing for humanity. It is not only guidance for mankind, but Allah has also made it a spiritual cure and healing for all types of ailments. The first chapter in the Quran is Surah Al-Fatiha. The Prophet Muhammad S.A.W said Surah Al-Fatiha is considered as ‘The Greatest Surah’ of the Quran. Below are some of the popular names of Surah Al-Fatiha:
Al-Fatiha itself means The Opening because it opens The Holy Quran and by it, the recitation in our daily prayer commences.
Umm al-Quran means the Mother of the Quran. According to At-Tirmidhi on the authority of Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah S.W.T said, “The chapter commencing with, “All praises and thanks are due to Allah the Lord of the Worlds” is the Mother of the Quran, the Mother of the Book, the Seven Oft-Repeated Verses and the Great Quran.” Ibn Jarir at-Tabari said that it was named so because the meaning of the entire Quran is summarized therein. The Arabs named anything that concisely summarizes something or comprises its most important part, Umm, or Mother.
Umm al-Kitab, Mother of the Book. According to Al-Bukhari at the beginning of the Book of Tafsir in his Sahih: “It is named Umm al-Quran because it is the first chapter written in the Quranic texts and the recitation in prayer commences with it.”
Sab’ul-Mathani means The Seven Oft-Repeated Verses. It is because the verses of Al-Fatiha are frequently recited, including in every rakaah of the daily prayers.
Al-Hamd, Praises to Allah. Why is it also named Al-Hamd, the Praise? It is because it contains mention of hamd just as Al-Baqarah is named so because it contains mention of the cow. Some scholars also gave the reasoning that Al-Hamd comprises the heart of Al-Fatihah.
As-Salah means The Prayer. The reason why it is named The Prayer is that its recitation is a condition for the validity of the prayer.
Ash-Shifa, as we know, means The Cure. Ad-Darimi reports on the authority of Abu Sa’id that the Messenger of S.A.W said: “The Opening of the Book is a cure to every poison.”
Asas al-Quran that is the Foundation of the Quran. Ash-Sha’bi recorded on the authority of Ibn Abbas that he named it, and that he said, “The Foundation of Al-Fatiha is, “Bismillahirrahmanirrahim” which means In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Most Merciful.
Other scholars have also named it as Al-Kanz; The Treasure, Ash-Shukr; Gratitude, ad-Dua; Supplication, Ash-Shafiyah; The sufficient, Al-Wafiyah; The Fulfilment and more.
Contributed by: Khairina Fikri
Photos: Freepik and John Towner at Unsplash