Diabetes and Ramadan: Precautions you must take

Healthy Foods Contributor
Eat-Well
Diabetes and Ramadan
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The word Ramadan literally means ‘intense heat’, which denotes the scorching summer month to which it was ascribed. True Muslims embrace this holy festival as the ninth month of the Hijri calendar.

Fasting in Ramadan means to get Taqwa. Allah wants us to follow his path and become true Muslim. It is stated Holy Qur’an,

“O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous. [Fasting for] a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey [during them] – then an equal number of other days [are to be made up]. And upon those who are able [to fast, but with hardship] – a ransom [as substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day]. And whoever volunteers good [i.e., excess] – it is better for him. But to fast is best for you, if you only knew.” [ Qur’an 2:183-184]

But what if you have Diabetes? Presently, Diabetes is a chronic health condition all over the world. Fasting while you have it can be challenging and alarming. So, it is a necessity to take advice from doctors or health care professionals.

Fasting with Diabetes in Ramadan

If you are diabetic, you already know that extreme care must be taken about your diet. Similarly, in Ramadan, be attentive to your diet at Suhoor and Iftar. Don’t eat too little. At the same time, don’t just indulge in gluttony as it will harm you in long term.

Tweaking your diet might put you at risk of hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, and dehydration. Generally, diabetic patients avoid starch and carbohydrate-related foods. This may put them at risk of low blood sugar. To avoid this, carbs and glucose are essential for both Suhoor and Iftar. Moreover, fruits and lots of vegetables are essential for fibre intake. This fibre will prevent low sugar levels. It is also essential to include healthy fat as it slows down digestion.

Diabetes and Ramadan

What to do to avoid low sugar levels?

Don’t forget to include whole wheat chapati, roti, bread, brown rice, or basmati rice in your meal.

Prepare a dish with lots of vegetables and end your meal with fruit. Healthy fats like olive oil, nuts, avocados are also essential in this diet.

Diabetes and Ramadan

What to do to avoid high sugar levels?

Sometimes, after Iftar, diabetic patients suffer from hyperglycemia. They say that they have not eaten anything which contained high sugar, yet the glucose in their blood increased. It is important to know that carbs, fruits and dairy can also increase blood sugar.

To avoid hyperglycemia, have no more than 40-80 gm of chapati or 1-2 slices of bread.

You can also have 2-4 small potatoes instead of chapati or bread.

You must have 200 ml of milk, one block of cheese and 125 ml yoghurt at one time. You may mix fruits with yoghurt to make it delicious.

Diabetes and Ramadan

What to do to avoid dehydration?

Hydration is extremely important for people with diabetes. Try to have as much water as possible at suhoor and after Iftar. Decrease Tea or coffee intake as it inflicts water loss from the body. Increase fruit and vegetable intake as they also hydrate.

If you are taking insulin more than twice a day or suffering from kidney or liver problems, it is advisable not to fast. Always consult your doctor at a minimum of discomfort. Take care of yourself and have a healthy Ramadan.

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