Did you know the virtues of the days of Eid?
In the Arabic language, Eid is known as “a day of happiness”. The days of Eid are days which Allah blesses the Muslims with and they all have their different general qualities of excellence. There are three types of Eid for Muslims in this dunya, one of which is repeated weekly and two (Eid el Fitr and Eid el Adha) of which occurs once annually.
The Eid which is repeated weekly is known as Jumu’ah and amongst its virtues are: the angels record the names of the attendees before the Khutbah starts (after which the angels close the book and listen to the lecture- this is why it is always advised to go early for the Jumu’ah prayers); it is the best day of the week; and there is an hour in it (most likely after ‘asr) in which if a Muslim asks anything from Allah, he will be granted. Now we will focus the rest of this write up on the virtues of the other two Eids which occur only once annually.
Eid el Fitr
This Eid always marks the end of the month of Ramadan and the beginning of the month of Shawwal. The month of Ramadan is the third pillar of the pillars of Islam and all Muslims in this world are obliged to fast when the moon is sighted. After the month has been fasted, Allah has ordered that all Muslims should follow the completion of their fast with a festival on which they all gather to glorify Allah, say the dhikr of Allah and thank Him for His guidance. Muslims all over consider the day of Eid as a gift from Allah for the acceptance of their fast. On this day, they pray, give charity and visit relatives.
Eid el Adha
Also known as Eid el Akbar or “greater Eid”, it is slated for every 10th day in the month of Dhul Hijjah. This day is one of the best ten days which are beloved to Allah and it comes just after the day of hajj (9th of Arafah) when the Muslims have been forgiven their sins by Allah. It is also a day in which Muslims recall and show respect for prophet Ibrahim (as) for his unwavering obedience towards Allah (SWT) when he was ordered to sacrifice his son, Ishmael (as), but Allah replaced his sacrifice and rewarded his obedience with a white Ram.
Spiritual Virtues of the days of Eid
The days of Eid are characterized with selflessness, sacrifice, obedience, festivity and remembrance.
When Muslims step out of their homes to make the Eid prayers, Angels make dua and record the names of the attendees to be presented to Allah, although Allah knows them already.
The gatherings of the Eid prayers signify the unity of Muslims and the strength of faith and brotherhood. Before the Eid prayers, it is recommended to give the Zakatul-Fitr (obligatory charity as a source of purification from mistakes and sins during fasting) to the poor so that they can also have something to celebrate with after the Eid prayers. This shows the bounty of the religion of Islam- no one is left out of the festivities and the mercies of Allah.
The Eid celebrations also serve as a source of cleansing because it is a day filled with generosity – giving charity, hosting and feeding guests. This act of kindness is loved by Allah and it cleanses the wealth of the giver. It also cleanses the heart of greed, stinginess and jealousy.
•Eid el Fitr symbolizes showers of mercies, forgiveness, bounty and pleasure on Muslims from Allah (swt). It also signifies the birth of becoming a better individual after Ramadan, leaving the sins that were dropped before Ramadan and not going back to them.
About Eid el Adha, the prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said that “the greatest of days before Allah is the day of sacrifice” (Sahih Abu Dawood). It is also the greatest day of hajj as the prophet (PBUH) said that “this is the greatest day of hajj” when he stood, during his hajj, between the Jamaraat (Narrated by Ibn Umar; Sahih Bukhari 1742). It is the greatest day because the greatest actions of hajj take place, like stoning the jamaraat al aqabah, offering the sacrifice, shaving the head, making the circumambulation around the Ka’bah (Tawaaf) and running between the Safa and Marwa (Saa’i).
Finally , before going for the Eid prayers, it is greatly recommended to say the takbeer, tahmeed, tasbeeh and tahleel – all in order to glorify and praise Allah azza wa jall. May Allah make us better slaves of His, accept our fasts, charities, sacrifices and grant us all the blessings of Eid, aamiin.