Etiquette of business and trade

Muslim businessman and businesswoman partner discussing work load, outdoor setting collaboration
Muslim businessman and businesswoman partner discussing using tablet connection social media for work © Ahmad Hafiz Ismail | Dreamstime.com

Islam teaches us to be respectful and considerate in trading and business, constantly reminding ourselves that indeed Allah is ever-aware of our deeds and our intention should only be to please Him.

We read in a hadith that when a wealthy person delays a due payment, it is described as an act of injustice. Abu Huraira reported:

“The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, ‘Delayed payment by a rich person is an act of injustice.’” (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)

In another hadith we learn about how consideration in business can help us in the Aakhirah. Abu Huraira reported:

“The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, ‘Whoever cancels the sale of a regretful Muslim, Allah will cancel his mistakes on the Day of Resurrection.’” (Sunan Ibn Majah)

The Prophet (SAW) said that when we seek to claim our rights, we should do so with restraint. This teaches us to be careful even when we are seeking to gain something which we believe is due to us. We read:

Ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Whoever seeks a right, let him seek it with restraint, whether it is fulfilled or unfulfilled.”

In another narration, the Prophet said, “Take your rights with restraint, whether it is fulfilled or unfulfilled.” (Sunan Ibn Majah)

We also learn that when the Prophet (SAW) was loaned a camel, his repayment of the loan was with a camel better than the original one. Abu Huraira reported:

“The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, sought a loan for a camel and he repaid it with a better camel, saying, ‘The best of you are excellent in repayment.’” (Sahih Muslim)

We read in a hadith that when a person helps someone who is facing a hardship, Allah will shade them on the Day of Resurrection. Abu Huraira reported:

“The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, ‘Whoever grants respite to someone in difficulty or relieves him, Allah will shade him on the Day of Resurrection when there is no shade but his.’” (Sunan al-Tirmidhi)

We learn in another hadith that Allah told the angels to overlook the faults of a man who would offer loans and give respite to those who were in hardship. The man would also overlook the faults of people. We read:

Hudhayfa reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “The angels received the soul of a man who lived before you. They said: Have you done anything good? The man said no. They said: Try to remember. The man said: I used to give loans and I would order my servants to give respite to those in difficulty, and to overlook the faults of those in ease. Allah Almighty said: Overlook his faults.” (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)

May Allah reward us for our efforts to maintain respect and consideration in business and trading. Aameen. Indeed, Allah is Al-Baseer (The All-Seeing).