Fasting on the month of Rajab
The month of Rajab is one of the sacred (honored) months. Concerning the sacred months, Allah the Almighty says, “Surely the reckoning of months, in the sight of Allah, is twelve months, laid down in Allah’s decree on the day when He created the heavens and the earth; and out of these months four are sacred. That is the true ordainment. Do not, therefore, wrong yourselves, with respect to these months” (9: 36).
The sacred months mentioned in the verse are Dhul-Qi’dah, Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram, and Rajab.
Narrated from Abu Bakr: The Prophet (SAW) said, “The year consists of twelve months from the day when Allah created the heavens and the earth. Of these, four months are Haram (sacred). And those are Dhul-Qi’dah, Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram, and Rajab, which is between Jumada at-Thani and Sha’ban.”
These months are called ‘Haram’ for two reasons:
1) Because war is forbidden in these months. But if the enemy starts the war first, it is a different matter.
2) Engaging in Haram or sinful deeds in these months is more sinful than engaging in other months.
That is why Allah has forbidden us to commit sins during these months. Mentioned above is where Allah says, “Do not wrong yourselves during these months.” Although it is forbidden to commit sins in any other month like these; Moreover, committing sins in these months is more deadly and extreme audacity.
Hadith on fasting on Rajab
But no authentic hadith has been narrated about fasting in the month of Rajab or fasting in some part of the month of Rajab in the hope of any special virtue or reward. Some people think that there is a special virtue of fasting in the month of Rajab. But there is no basis for this thought in Islamic law.
However, a hadith has been narrated from the Prophet (SAW) that it is Nafl (optional) to fast a little more in the sacred months than in other months. The Prophet (SAW) said, “Fast in the Haram (sacred) months; And also break the fast.” (Abu Dawood)
If this hadith is proven, then fasting in the sacred month will prove to be Nafl. Therefore, there is no problem for a person who fasts in the month of Rajab and also in the other three sacred months on the basis of this hadith. However, it would not be right to fast only the month of Rajab with special dignity.
Nafl prayer in the month of Rajab
Ibn Taymiyah (Rah) said that “On the other hand, all the hadiths regarding fasting in the month of Rajab are weak; On the contrary, some hadiths are ‘Maudu’ (fake and fabricated). The scholars do not rely on any of these. The weak hadiths that can be described in the case of virtues are not of that quality either. On the contrary, most of the hadiths related to this are ‘Maudu’ (fabricated) and false.
It has been narrated from the Prophet (SAW) in Musnad Ahmad and other hadiths that he commanded fasting in the Haram months. This command is about the four Haram months. Not specifically about the month of Rajab. ”
Ibn al-Qayyum (Rah) said, “All the hadiths that have been narrated about fasting and performing Nafl prayers in the month of Rajab in the hope of additional rewards and virtues are false. (That is, their narration from the Prophet (SAW) is not proven)”
The virtue of the month of Rajab
Ibn Hajar (Rah) said about the virtue of the month of Rajab, “There is nothing specific in the hadith about fasting in this month or fasting on special days of this month. Or there is no authentic hadith about praying on a particular night of the month. ”
Sheikh Saeed al-Sabiq (Rah) said that “The month of Rajab has no special virtue over other months. However, it is one of the Haram (sacred) months. No special virtue of fasting in this month has been mentioned in any authentic or acceptable hadith. Of the many available descriptions, none of these are suitable for narration. ”
From the above discussion, it is expected that the reader will understand that whether it is the 27th of the month of Rajab (which is popularly known in our society as the night of Miraj) or any other day, it is a Bid’ah (new addition in the religion) to offer special prayers and fast on that day with special dignity. That is, it is not proved by the Prophet (SAW) or any of his Companions.
May Allah protect us from exaggerating and abandoning our religion. Ameen.