Forgiving people: Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said “Forgive others and Allah will forgive you.”
Whenever we have forgiven others, we have gained more from that action than we may realise. Forgiveness in Islam holds a lot of value and is beneficial for us. Through our forgiveness to others, we have created an opportunity to seek forgiveness from Allah for our own sins. We read in a hadith:
Abdullah ibn Amr reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Be merciful to others and you will receive mercy. Forgive others and Allah will forgive you.” (Musnad Ahmad)
Having a forgiving attitude and generally not being constantly critical makes it easier for us to live our lives. We will not always agree with the actions of others, as we are all different. We read in a hadith:
Anas ibn Malik reported: A man came to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, with the killer of his relative. The Prophet said, “Pardon him,” but the man refused. The Prophet said, “Take the blood money,” but the man refused. The Prophet said, “Go and kill him, for you are like him.” Someone met with the man and told him that the Messenger of Allah said, “Kill him, for you are like him.” Thus, the man let him go. (Sunan al-Nasai)
Of course, we are required to protect ourselves and our safety, but revenge is not something we are taught to seek. This hadith shows us the dangers of seeking revenge and how it can actually be detrimental to us. Abstaining from revenge make us place our complete trust in Allah, knowing that He is the ultimate Judge, and He is indeed the Most Just.
Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was a forgiving person. We read in hadith:
Anas ibn Malik reported: A Jewish woman came to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, with a poisoned sheep and he ate from it. She was brought to him and he asked her about it. She said, “I wanted to kill you.” The Prophet said, “Allah has given you no authority over me.” It was said, “Should we kill her?” The Prophet said, “No.” I continued to see the effects of the poison upon the Messenger of Allah. (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)
This shows us that the Prophet (SAW) did not try to seek revenge, and his belief in Allah’s power was firm and sincere.
His trust in Allah remained strong and he depended completely on Allah, even in times when he was in danger, with no way out. We read in a hadith:
Jabir reported: He took part in the expedition with the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, against Najd. When the time for afternoon rest approached, he was in a valley of thorny trees. The Prophet dismounted under a tree to rest in its shade and hung his sword upon it. The people dispersed among the trees in order to use their shade. While we were like this, the Prophet called us and we came to find a desert Arab sitting in front of him. The Prophet said, “This person came to me while I was asleep and he quietly took my sword. I woke up while he was standing over my head, holding my unsheathed sword. He said: Who will protect you from me? I said: Allah, three times.” The Prophet did not punish him and he sat down. (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)
This shows us how much the Prophet (SAW) relied on Allah, as well as how forgiving he was.
May Allah reward us for the times we have forgiven others. Aameen. Indeed Allah is Al-Adl (The Just).