Four Lessons from 4 Stories in Surah Al-Kahf

Islam Contributor
Surah Al-Kahf
© Kitti Kahotong |

Surah Al-Kahf is the 18th Surah of the Holy Quran; Which was revealed in Makkah. In this Surah, Allah has given us important lessons by mentioning four significant events of the distant past. The facts and the lessons to be learned from them are briefly given below for the readers:

People of the Cave (Ashab Al-Kahf) in Surah Al-Kahf

We have all heard more or less the story of the people of the Cave. Some of the young men were expelled from the land by the then tyrant king after they had full faith in Allah. When they entered a cave in safety after being dispersed, Allah put them to sleep for a long time.

When they woke up, they started talking to each other that they had slept for maybe a day or half a day. Then when one of them was sent to the city to buy food, he thought that the people might recognize him and tell the king that he would be harmed. But he found himself as a stranger among all. The people of the town were amazed to see him and the coin he used 300 years ago. That is, Allah miraculously kept them asleep for more than 300 years.

Basically, this incident shows how Allah protects the servants who rely on Him from extreme adversity. We must learn from this incident, full trust and faith in Allah protects us from all dangers.

Owner of two gardens in Surah Al-Kahf

The incident happened to a man who had two beautiful gardens, but because of this, he became arrogant. And said to his friend,

“I am better than you because I have more wealth, employees and children than you.” (18:34)

From this incident, it is seen that Allah gave to one of the two friends two gardens which were surrounded by palm trees, always fruitful and between the two gardens, there were fields and ponds.

In other words, these two gardens were like a dream for a farmer. With this great blessing, the arrogant friend began to think of himself as superior to others. At first, he claimed that his wealth was immortal, then he directly denied the Hereafter. For all these reasons, Allah destroyed his two gardens.

There is a lesson in this incident for those people who are in love with the world and forget the blessings of Allah and become ungrateful. Allah has reminded them that He can take away anything from them if He wills.

The story of Musa and Khizir

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Once Musa (AS) was addressing his people. At that time someone asked him, “Who is the wisest man?” He replied, “I am.” At that time Allah informed Musa (AS) that Allah did not make him the possessor of all knowledge. Allah said to him, “I have a servant at the junction of the two seas who is wiser than you.”

Musa (AS) prayed, “O Allah! How can I find him? ” Allah informed Musa (AS) of his identity and search, who was known as Khizir.

Musa (AS) traveled with Khizir and realized that Allah gives knowledge to whomever He wills. Since Allah is the possessor of all knowledge, no one should be proud of his knowledge. Khizir himself said to him,

“I have not achieved anything of my own free will.” (18: 82)

Zulkarnain, the king of justice

Zulkarnain was a just and honest king, he traveled all over the world from west to east. This journey is mentioned in Surah Al-Kahf. On the last journey of his life, he found a village between two mountains. The people of that village begged him to build a wall to protect them from the tyranny of Yajuj and Majuj. Zulkarnain did the job.

Zulkarnain was not proud of his work; Rather, he praised Allah. He said of the building of the wall,

“These are the favors of my Lord, but when the appointed time of my Lord comes, He will crush them to dust, and the promise of my Lord is the ultimate truth.” (18: 96)

There are many hadiths describing the virtues of Surah Al-Kahf. In a hadith, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever recites Surah Al-Kahf on the day of Jumu’ah will be enlightened from this Jumu’ah to the next Jumu’ah.”

May Allah grant us the grace to build our lives in the light of the teachings of Surah Al-Kahf. Ameen.