Hijri is just not a calendar for Arabs but for all Muslims
The various rules of Islam relate to the Hijri year. The Muslim Ummah is dependent on the Hijri Calendar in all matters, including religious ceremonies and festivities. The Hijri year is one of the historical elements that inspire the Muslim Ummah. The importance of Hijri year in the civilization and culture of the world and in the life of Muslims is immense.
Human life is the sum of time. Allah has naturally divided time into different parts by making it usable for human needs. Such as day, night, month, year, etc.
In this regard, Almighty Allah says,
“Surely from the day of the creation of the heavens and the earth, there are 12 months in the law of Allah, of which 4 are forbidden months. This is the established law.” (9:36).
There was no specific year in Arabia at that time. The years were named after special events. Such as the year of departure, the year of permission, the year of the elephant, and so on.
When and how the Hijri year began?
Hazrat Umar (R) during his caliphate started counting the Hijri year in the 17th year of Hijrah. The background of this was as follows: Umar (R) used to receive various state letters. The name and date of the month were written there. But the name of the year did not exist. This would cause confusion. It is then decided to determine and calculate a year on the basis of consultation. Though there was opinion of counting the year from different occasions, at last the decision to calculate the year from the event of Hijrah was taken.
The significance of calculating the year from the year of Hijrah
During the consultation of the year calculation, it was proposed that the Islamic year should start from the year of the birth of the Prophet (saw). Some other such occasions are also discussed. But the significance behind the finalization of the year from the year of the Hijrah is that the Hijrah is evaluated as a clear distinction between truth and falsehood. Since the Hijrah, Muslims have been able to implement the outline of public worship and social formation.
Azan, Salah, Jumah, and Eid have all started in public since the Hijrah. In view of these meanings, it was decided to start the year counting of the Muslims from Hijrah.
The effect of lunar year or Hijri year in some cases
The influence of this lunar year and the lunar month is huge in the life of Muslims. It has an impact and importance in all areas of life. Especially in determining the date, moment, and season of worship, the influence and importance of the Hijri year are immense. That is why it is important for Muslims to remember the reckoning of the Hijri year.
In many cases, it has an effect. For example, fasting in Ramadan, two Eids, Hajj, Zakat, etc. have to be observed from the lunar year or Hijri year. Fasting is done by looking at the moon, Eid is also done by looking at the moon. Similarly other periods also. Even after the death of the husband, women have to calculate the waiting period by lunar year. That is, Muslims have a number of religious days and dates, in which it is necessary to calculate the days, dates, months, and years as the moon.
When the lunar year is calculated, it can be seen that the season of an act of worship changes from winter to summer and from year to year. It is not as the solar year. Is there any wisdom or welfare in it?
Celebrations in all seasons
In fact, Islam is a nature-friendly religion. The rules of Islam have been given in such a way that the educated and the uneducated, the urban-rural, the plains dwellers or the hill people, the privileged and deprived of information and technology, can follow the rules of Allah with ease. This can be done as easily as the month and year of the moon. Those who do not have astronomy or weather information can also observe these provisions with ease by looking at the moon.
Another thing is that Muslims get the opportunity to perform worship in different seasons as it is according to the lunar year. Sometimes fasting is short, sometimes long. Sometimes Eid and Hajj are in winter, sometimes in summer. Due to this variety of seasons, Muslims can perform worship in all the seasons given by Allah.
The importance to remember and practice the Hijri year
It is the duty of every Muslim to use and practice the dates of the months of the Hijri year, not just the Hijri year. The reckoning of the Muslims should be done by mentioning the date of Hijri.
Remember, it is obligatory for Muslims to keep an account of Islamic dates or lunar years. There is no reason to think that the Hijri year is in fact an Arabic year or just an Arab year. Rather, it is the year of the Muslims. In this case, the responsibility of a Muslim state is not fully fulfilled by just a moon-sighting committee. Rather, all Muslim-majority states should give priority to the Hijri year while maintaining their individuality.