How Muslims gathered knowledge during the golden age of Islam?
Muslims changed the course of history by collecting and advancing knowledge in various fields. They made advancement in every field, and the main theme behind such a glorious era was the commitment to gaining and imparting knowledge. They encouraged learning and seeking knowledge. House of wisdom can be considered as the best example of their interest and commitment regarding knowledge. Muslims in this exemplary era travelled various parts of the world to gain knowledge. They set an example for the rest of the world in valuing and gathering knowledge.
Support of Rulers
As the Quran commands us to ponder and seek knowledge, Muslims rightly did so and presented enormous advancement in attaining knowledge. The main and important thing in gaining and accessing knowledge was the role of rulers too; they encouraged Muslim scholars and provided them opportunities to offer services in gaining and imparting knowledge. Rulers’ support played a vital role in gaining and imparting knowledge. They provided every facility to scholars to work properly and provided a good educational environment where everyone had access to knowledge.
Preservation of Knowledge
It is rightly said that in this golden period, Muslim scholars did not face hurdles in gaining knowledge because opportunities were available. Governments used to value knowledge. One generation transferred knowledge to another generation in an exemplary fashion. The following generation then took full use of that transferred knowledge, and this process went on. This produced a very pleasant atmosphere for learning knowledge. Students got a keen interest in knowledge. I would rather argue that the quote of Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him “seeking knowledge is the duty of every Muslim man and women” was rightly followed.
Translation and Interpretation of Knowledge
In House of wisdom, work of Greek, Persia, and Indian scholars translated into Arabic. They translated their work and recorded it when paper mills were established in various parts, so translated work was preserved and learned. Based on these translations, Muslims committed themselves to understand and pondered over it.
The smooth transmission of knowledge
For transmission and gaining knowledge to the masses, educational institutions were established, science was made compulsory for the learners, and research centers were also established. To gain and imparting knowledge, science was made a part of the school curriculum; this was a means of preserving the existing knowledge through books. Students used to gather in educational centers; non-Muslims also used to take part in learning. Doors of educational institutions were open for everyone. Muslim Scholars followed the traditional way of gaining knowledge. They not only gained knowledge but also shared it with their students for its preservation and advancement. They shared and transmitted knowledge through books too, and wrote important books.
Muslims’ commitment towards seeking and acquiring knowledge in this golden era was extraordinary. They gained knowledge learned knowledge, and spread knowledge. They recorded their knowledge in the form of books and libraries and transmitted this recorded knowledge to the next generation. Thus generation after generation valued knowledge. Educational institutions, libraries, and research centers also tried their level best to impart knowledge to students. Beside it, these institutions persevered that acquired knowledge in various forms. Advancement in this knowledge occurred over time in various ways.