How should Muslims answer the Adhan?
Adhan is the sweetest sound in the world. Which is the perception of all people irrespective of Muslim and non-Muslim. Because this Adhan is the call of the great Creator and Lord towards His creation. So how should we answer the Adhan? Adhan has special significance in Islam and there are some provisions related to Adhan.
It is Sunnah for the listener to answer the Adhan orally. The Prophet (SAW) said, “When you hear the call to prayer, you will say the same as the muezzin.” (Bukhari)
Method of answering the Adhan
The method of answering the Adhan is that after the muezzin stops saying each sentence, the listener will say the same sentence himself. But when the muezzin says ‘Haiyya Alas Salah’ and ‘Haiyya Alal Falah’, the listener will say ‘La Hawla Wala Kuwwata Illabillah’. (Muslim)
According to the various books of pure Islamic jurisprudence, the listener will recite ‘Sadaqta wa Bararta’ in response to ‘Assalatu Khairum Minan Naum’ in the Fajr Adhan. However, in response to this, similar to muezzin, ‘Assalatu Khairum Minan Naum’ can be said. Because it has been said in the hadith, “In response to the call to prayer, you will also say the same as the muezzin.”
Those who will not answer the Adhan
Those who offer prayers, those who eat and drink, those who ask for prayers, those who have intercourse with their wives and women will not answer the Adhan during the season. However, according to many scholars, if someone retires from the above work immediately after the Adhan, he will be able to respond to the Adhan immediately. It is also better for the reciter of the Qur’an to respond to the Adhan by temporarily stopping the recitation.
Answer to the second Adhan of Jumu’ah
When Khatib is sitting on the pulpit during the second Adhan of Jumu’ah, it is better not to give a verbal answer to the second Adhan of Jum’ah according to the reliable opinion of the jurists.
Engage in worldly deeds during Adhan
It is Sunnah to remain silent during Adhan. If there is no need, it is inappropriate to engage in ordinary religious and worldly talk or work. If Adhan is called during the lecture or seminar, they should be suspended till the finishing of Adhan. It is better to answer the Adhan by keeping it temporarily closed even during a religious gathering. Remember, the answer to the Adhan is not such that if one answers, then it will be fulfilled by everyone. It is Sunnah to answer the Adhan for all Muslims who listen.
Dua after Adhan
It is Sunnah to recite Darud Sharif and a specific Dua after Adhan. Its virtue has been narrated in Hadith. The Prophet (SAW) said, “Answer the Adhan in a word similar to that of the muezzin, then recite the Darud, then pray for me for the most honorable place in heaven. I hope Allah will give me that place. And whoever makes this supplication, my recommendation for him in the Hereafter is inevitable.” (Muslim)
There is a hadith in which it is said to recite Darud Sharif after Adhan and to recite the special Dua, but there is no description in the hadith regarding raising hands and making Dua after Adhan.
Some common misconceptions about Adhan
-Some people recite ‘Jalla Jalaluhu’ in response to ‘Allahu Akbar’ in the Adhan. This is not Sunnah.
-Many people answer the Adhan and say ‘Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam’ in response to ‘Ashhadu Anna Muhammadar Rasoolullah’. It shouldn’t either. Because at this time there is no instruction to read Darud. On the contrary, it is still Sunnah to say ‘Ashhadu Anna Muhammadar Rasoolullah’ similar to Muezzin. Darud should be recited after the end of Adhan.
-It is also famous in many societies that if one does not answer the Adhan or speaks during the Adhan, he becomes unfaithful or there is a danger of dying in a state of unfaithfulness. No such description is found in the book of Hadith. So this is also a misconception.