How the Abbasid Caliphate Contributed to the Cause of Islam

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After the demise of the Holy Prophet PBUH, His work was done by the four pious Caliphs of Islam. Later on, the reign of the caliphate started, and Muslims were led by the great caliphates. One of the Caliphates is the Abbasid caliphate that played a key role in the spread of Islam throughout the globe. The caliphs who belonged to the Abbasid caliphate were honest, loyal, just, and religious. Hence, they contributed heavily to the cause of Islam.

Who were the Abbasids?

The Abbasids were the descendants of Holy Prophet’s Uncle Abbas ibn Abdul- Mutalib. Their rule developed Islam and Islamic culture broadly. The era of the Abbasid Caliphate is also considered as the Golden age of Islam.

Contributions of the Abbasid caliphate in Islamic history:

The Abbasid caliphate contributed in multiple ways. They contributed heavily to strengthen Muslim as a political, economic, socio-cultural, and ideological power.

Political contributions:

The Abbasid caliphate had strong leadership. Their main challenge at that time was the strong enemy. The problems created by strong enemies were handled by the caliphs, their viziers, and trained military. One of the significant political achievements was the defeat of the Byzantine Empire. They brought peace by having long fights in multiple areas of empire at that time. Due to peace, strong administrative leadership, good governance policies, and the military, the caliphate era is considered as the Golden age of Islam.

Economic Contributions:

The Abbasid Caliphate followed the pious caliphs. They were just rulers. They brought the perfect Zakat system, the equal distribution of wealth improved the living conditions of marginalised classes. That ultimately led to the success of the caliphate and contributed to improving the economic situation of Muslims.

Socio-cultural Contributions:

The caliphate paid attention to common people and focused on science, technology, cultural values, poetry, education, women’s status in society, etc. The Abbasid caliphate also brought a unique set of architecture. The education system of Muslims was at its peak during their era. Many university libraries and educational institutes were built. Islamic philosophy was also

flourished in this era as it is entirely different from Greek and Roman philosophy and was need to be revitalized at that time. Highly educated people controlled the caliphate, and educational developments were considered a priority, promoting Islamic philosophy.

Military contributions:

The Abbasid caliphate faced many difficulties during their time. However, the Abbasids remained steadfast in dealing with the challenges and uniting the Muslims. Many of Abbasid military leaders were of Arab descent. Abbasids fought with the Byzantine Empire, the crusaders, and other enemies of Islam and succeeded. They even challenged and fought against Mongols.


Conclusively, the Abbasid Caliphate era was one of the best eras of Muslims, and it was truly called the golden age of Islam. Hence, it is correct that the Abbasid caliphate contributed heavily to the well being of Muslims and the cause of Islam by focusing on the progress in science, art, technology, military, politics, and astronomy.

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