Ibn Rajab Hanbalee: The greatest scholar of Hanbalee school of thought
Name and genealogy
Ibn Rajab Hanbalee was a great Imam, a Hafiz, and a world-renowned scholar. His real name is Abdur Rahman bin Ahmed. His titles were al-Baghdadi al-Hanbalee and al-Damascus. The title al-Baghdadi comes from his birthplace. The title al-Hanbalee comes from his Madhhab (school of thoughts). And the title Al-Damashki comes from his residence and place of death. His nickname was Abul Faraj. And his other nickname was Ibn Rajab. Rajab was originally the nickname of his grandfather, as he was born in the month of Rajab.
He was born in Baghdad in 736 AH into a noble family, famous for its teachings.
Teachers of Ibn Rajab Hanbalee (Rah.)
Ibn Rajab Hanbalee acquired knowledge from eminent and renowned teachers of his time.
The people from whom he acquired knowledge in Damascus are-
- Ibn al-Qayyum al-Jawziyyah;
- Zainuddin al-Iraqi;
- Dawood bin Ibrahim Al-Attar;
- Ibn An-Naqib;
- Muhammad bin Ismail Al-Khabaaz;
- Ibn Qadi al-Jabal (Abul Abbas Ahmad);
- Ahmad bin Abdul Hadi Al-Hanbalee
In Makkah, he learned from Al-Fakhr ‘Uthman bin Yusuf An-Nuwairi. He acquired knowledge from Al-Hafiz Al-‘Alai in Jerusalem. In Egypt, he obtained hadith credentials from “Sadar Uddin Abul Patah Al-Maizumi” and “Nasir Uddin Bin Al-Muluk”.
Ibn Rajab Hanbalee (R) devoted himself to acquiring knowledge. He has spent all his life in research, writing, composition, teaching, wandering in different branches of knowledge, introducing appropriate laws. At the time, he was assigned to deliver a sermon at the Banu Umayya Jame Mosque on Tuesday.
Students of Ibn Rajab Hanbalee (Rah.)
Students used to come from different places to study with Imam Ibn Rajab (Rah.) of Hadith. Notable among his students are-
- Mufti of Egypt Abul Fazl Ahmad bin Nasir bin Ahmad;
- Abul Abbas Ahmad bin Abu Bakr bin Ali Al-Hanbalee (Ibn Ar-Risam);
- Qazi Alauddin Ibn Al-Laham Al-Ba’ali;
- Dawood bin Sulaiman Al Mausali;
- Abdur Rahman bin Ahmad bin Muhammad Al-Mukbari;
- Zainuddin Abdur Rahman bin Sulaiman bin Abdil Karam (Abu Shi’ar);
- Abu Yar Az-Yarkashi;
- Ahmad bin Saifuddin Al-Hamwi.
Statements of various scholars about Ibn Rajab
Ibn Qadi Shuhbah (R) said about him,
Ibn Rajab (R) was an expert in various branches of knowledge science. He was absorbed in the study of Hanbalee Fiqh until it was fully mastered. He devoted his life to fulfilling various imperfections of Hadith. And he accepted solitude for writing. ”
Ibrahim bin Muhammad bin Muflih (R) said,
“He was a Sheikh, a great scholar, a Hafiz. He was the Sheikh of the Hanbalee school and the author of many useful books. ”
His creed and fiqh
Ibn Rajab (Rah.) was a follower of the Salaf in belief. He has written many books on the subject. In the case of fiqh, he was a follower of Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal. He is regarded as one of the greatest scholars and skilled personalities of Hanbalee fiqh. Regarding his book on jurisprudence, Al-Qawaid al-Kubra fil Furu, Ibn Shubha, and Ibn Muflih said, “It indicates a complete knowledge of his (Hanbalee) madhhab.”
He has written a very popular book on acquiring knowledge. Whose name is “Bayan Fazalu Ilmus Salaf Alal Khalaf”.
Hafiz Ibn Rajab (Rah.) was quite skilled in writing. He has written countless popular books on tafsir, hadith, fiqh, and history, which are extremely useful for all ages.
Among the books written by him are:
Related to Tafsir and Quranic Science:
- Tafsir Surah Al-Fatiha;
- Tafsir Surah Ikhlas;
- Irab al-Basmalah;
- Tafsir Surah An-Nasr;
- Al Istigna Bill Quran.
Related to Hadith
- Fathul Bari;
- Sharhe Jami at-Tirmidhi;
- Sharh Ilal At-Tirmidhi;
- Jamiul Uloom Wal Hikam Fee Sharhe Khamsina Hadisan Min Jawamiul Kalim.
Related to fiqh
- Al Qawa’idul Fiqhiyah;
- Al Istiqraj fi Ahkamul Kharaj;
- Kitab Ahkamul Khawatim wa Maa Yata’alaqbu Biha.
Biography and history:
- Az-Zail Ala Tbabqatul Hanbaleeyah;
- Sirah Abdul Malik bin Umar bin Abdul Aziz.
- Mukhtasar Sirah Umar bin Abdul Aziz;
Books on peace of mind and advice
- Ahwal Ahlil Kubur.
- Lata’iful Ma’arif Fima Li-Mawasimul ‘Am Min Al Wada’if;
- Al Fark Bainan-Nasihah wat-Ta’ir;
- Al-Taqwif Minannar Wat-Ta’rif B Hali Darul Bawar;
And there are many more books written by him.
Hafiz Ibn Rajab (Rah.) died on Monday night, 4th Ramadan 795 AH, in Al Humairiyah, Damascus. His funeral prayer was held the next day and he was buried next to the grave of Sheikh Abul Faraj Ash-Shirazi at Babus Sagir.