Imam Abu Hanifa: A Remarkable Figure in Muslim History
Imam Abu Hanifa was born in Kofa. He spent much of his time in Kofa. He was a student, merchant, and then became a student of Fiqh and finally a teacher.
1. Theology and other fields
First, he dedicated himself to the study of Kalam means theology. He then turned to the field of literature, grammar, and poetry. Here, he tried to study the forms of various recitation of the Holy Book and Ahaadiths. With this goal he pursued knowledge with great openness and a lack of bias and studied things with great zeal and depth. He got an amazing understanding of the religion of Islam, Majority of Muslims today also follow him.
2. Imam Abu Hanifa’s relationship with students
He had an exemplary relationship with his students and companions. Abu Hanifah used to advise his disciples, saying: “You have to maintain good morals, patience, and tolerance. Along with that, you should take care of your family and treat them with kindness. You have to visit ill people, greet people by saying ‘Assalam Alaikum, argue with others gently, it results in friendliness and helps you maintain acquiring knowledge and attending classes.
3. Egyptian scholar Muhammad Abu Zahra
According to Abu Zahra, “Abu Hanifa thought that righteous actions must be based on sound knowledge. In his view, a good person is not just someone who does good, but someone who can differentiate between good and evil, and who aims for good, out of knowledge, and avoids evil, understanding its evil. A just person is not someone who is just without understanding injustice; a just person must recognize injustice and its consequences.”
4. Usūl al-fiqh
He explained his understanding in these words, “I would take the book of God, and if I could not find an injunction, then I would refer to the Sunnah. If I failed to discover an injunction in either of the main texts, I would go to the words, aqwāl, of the Prophet’s companions. From there, I would either take or leave evidence as I saw fit. I would not refer to anyone else. I would exercise my own.
5. Hanafi School attributes
This school has many characteristics, the opinions of other imams were fused into madhab, he held a council of forty scholars in which they used to discuss hypothetical cases. He allowed his companions and students to discuss and express their own opinions. His students wrote many books. Imam Abu Hanifa set rules for Ijtihad and Qiyas.
6. His quotes
· Who are we to wish for paradise? It will be enough if Allah spares us his wrath.
· Practice what you have learned, for theory without practice is like a body without a soul.
· A little action with knowledge is far more beneficial than a lot of action with ignorance.
· It is unlawful for anyone to accept my views without knowing the source from where we got them.
Imam Abu Hanifa is a legend in Islamic knowledge, and the majority of Muslims follows his Fiqh, and his services can never be forgotten.