Islam’s guidance on food security

People need food to sustain their lives. When the soul and the body get sick, man loses his true identity. Allah said, “And whoever turns away from My remembrance – indeed, he will have a depressed life, and We will gather him on the Day of Resurrection blind.” (Surat Taha [verse 124])

The importance of food security in human life is absolutely huge. Pointing to this importance, Allah says, “Who has fed them, [saving them] from hunger and made them safe, [saving them] from fear.” (Surah Quraysh [verse 106])

Since Allah (SWT) created man and allowed him to move, man has been busy trying to meet the needs and requirements of the body. After the creation of Adam (PBUH) and Eve (PBUH), they disobeyed Allah’s command to fulfill their food needs. Food has a special role in creating chaos in human life. Allah said, “And We had already taken a promise from Adam before, but he forgot, and We found not in him determination.” (Surat Taha [verse 115]

Efforts to meet the demand for food have been ongoing since the establishment of human settlements on earth. Islam has emphasized the importance of food security through cultivation. Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported: “I heard Allah’s Messenger (SAW) saying: Never does a Muslim plant, or cultivate, but has reward for him for what the beasts eat, or the birds eat or anything else eats out of that.” (Sahih Muslim Hadith No. 1552)

The agricultural system has changed with the development of human society. Improving food quality, increasing production, supply, and overall safety is very important. Allah says, “It is He who made the earth tame for you – so walk among its slopes and eat of His provision – and to Him is the resurrection.” (Surat al-Mulk [verse 15])

Islam forbids the wastage of food. Allah says, “O children of Adam, take your adornment at every masjid, and eat and drink, but be not excessive. Indeed, He likes not those who commit excess.” (Surat al-A’raf [verse 31])

It is important to take food in accordance with the body’s needs. Miqdam bin Ma’dikarib said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW) saying: ‘The human does not fill any container that is worse than his stomach. It is sufficient for the son of Adam to eat what will support his back. If this is not possible, then a third for food, a third for drink, and a third for his breath.” (Jami at Tirmidhi Hadith No. 2380)

Today, Islam can still follow the policy of food supplies, uses, and balanced distribution. In the Holy Qur’an, Allah says, “[Joseph] said, “You will plant for seven years consecutively; and what you harvest leaves in its spikes, except a little from which you will eat. Then will come after those seven difficult [years] which will consume what you saved for them, except a little from which you will store.” (Surat Yusuf [verse 47-48])

The divine principles of Islam must be implemented on food security and fair distribution.