Mehmed II: The Man Who Made Among the Most Important Cities in Europe
Man is the best creature of Allah. Some of these people are immortal in the world for their work. Today we are going to learnabout such a famous Muslim ruler: the Ottoman 7th Sultan Mehmed II.
He was the son of Sultan Murad II. On March 30, 1432, the day of his birth was a memorable day for the Ottoman capital, Edirne. From an early age, Mehmed II showed his talent. His father placed him on the throne to gain experience when he was just 11 years old.
The young Sultan started governing the state in the first phase from August, 1444. Several teachers appointed to teach him different disciplines to enhance his knowledge. Islamic principles had a profound effect on his mind. He served as Sultan in the first phase until September, 1448. Although experimentally, he ruled the kingdom in the first phase, his cunning leadership was apparent.
In February 1451, he ascended the throne again in the second phase. This time, he was focusing on strengthening the army and the navy. His focus was on the conquest of Constantinople. He developed a vast fleet for this purpose.
Mehmed II also equipped his army with the most modern weapons of that time. He built essential castles in the European part of the Bosporus. As a result, he established full control over the Bosphorus Strait.
Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II was unique in his strategies. In early April 1453, he attacked Constantinople. Following a two-month battle, he seized the city. The Eastern Roman Empire lost to Mehmed, who was only 21 years old. The new capital of his kingdom was Constantinople.
Mehmed II began to show his political decency after winning the war. Like the Roman emperors, he held Caesar’s title, appointing people of different religions to his court. He also appointed members of Constantinople’s influential family to all significant royal court leadership roles.
Mehmed II planned the rebuilding of Constantinople and provided everything a modern capital needs. He also constructed the magnificent Fatih Mosque.
He then arranged for the return of the Greeks and Jews, who had left the city during the war. He guaranteed the protection of their families and the back of their property. He ordered the settlement of Muslims, Christians, and Jews. Constantinople, therefore, became a modern city. The city of more than 60,000 people stated to have adequate shops and houses, 80% Muslims, 20% Christians, and 10% Jews. Constantinople, under Mehmed, became his dreams’ royal capital, the most magnificent city in Europe.
Mehmed continued his expeditions to Europe as far as Anatolia, Albania, Bosnia, Crimea, and Italy. He extended Muslim domination in Europe through voyages to South-Eastern Europe.
On May 3, 1461, Sultan Mohammad died during an expedition in Maltepe, Istanbul, and was buried near the Mosque of Fatih. It is believed he was poisoned. In just 49 years, the great ruler lost his life. Although he is a short-lived ruler, his importance in the history of Muslim heroes is unquestionable.