Principles of Islam: What we need to know
Islam is based on some extraordinary principles and foundations that apply to all people in all ages and places. Some of the main principles of Islam are discussed below-
Ease of observance
All the rules and regulations of the Islamic Shariah are within the reach and effort of the people. There is nothing more to do than normal work. Because Islam is easy. Almighty Allah says: “Allah intends ease for you and does not intend hardship for you…” (2:185)
Allah also says:
“Allah wants to ease your burden. Man has been created weak. (4:28)
Allah also says:
“Allah does not burden anyone with anything beyond his ability. (2:286)
Ayesha (may Allah be pleased with her) said: “If the Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked (on behalf of Allah) to choose one between two things. He would prefer the easiest, as long as there is no sin in it. And if there was a possibility of sin, he would like to stay away from sin. By Allah! He never took revenge on himself for anything, until the forbidden things of Allah were broken. If that had happened, he would have taken revenge for the sake of Allah. (Bukhari)
One of the aspects of avoiding harshness and hardship in the Islamic Shariah is the prohibition of lesser orders, so that it is easier for the Muslim to follow these rules without hardship and fatigue. Because fatigue has complexity and narrowness. Harshness and complexity have been removed from Islamic Shariah. Allah says: “He has chosen you and placed no hardship in your religion.” (22:78)
Thus, the purpose of the prohibition of Islam is to bring the slave to the happiness and peace of this world and the Hereafter. Therefore, the Islamic Shariah did not require anything beyond the reach of the common people.
Aiming at public interest
It is clear to the followers of Islam that the main goal of it is to fulfill the needs and wants of the people. Because the principles of Islam implements the good and beneficial things of this world and the Hereafter for the people individually and collectively in all ages and places. Allah says:
“It was only as a mercy that We sent you [Prophet] to all people.” (21:107)
Mercy is to meet the welfare needs because the Prophet (peace be upon him) would not have been called a mercy if the purpose was not to meet the needs of the people by mercy. All the prohibitions of the Islamic Shariah are to meet the needs and wants of the people in this world and in the Hereafter. Because Allah is not dependent on His slaves. Their obedience is of no use or benefit to him, nor can the disobedience of the slave do him any harm. Islam is based entirely on justice, mercy, human needs and wisdom. Anything that goes out of justice and is unjust and oppressive is not included in the Islamic Shariah.
“O you who believe! Do justice, this is closer to the fear of Allah. Fear Allah. Allah is fully cognizant of everything you do. (5: 8)
The religion of mutual cooperation
One of the proofs of prophethood and Islam as the true religion is that it is more comprehensive and complete than other religions.
Allah says “And We have sent down to you (O Muhammad) a Book which is a clear explanation of all things, a guidance and a mercy and good news for the believers.” (16:89)
Its breadth is evident in its aqeedah and way of thinking, in its worship and nearness to Allah, in its morals and virtues, in its rules and regulations, but in all aspects of human life.
The religion of balance and moderation
Islam is a religion of equality, generosity and justice. Allah says “And thus we have made you a midmost community that you will be witnesses over the people and the Messenger will be a witness over you” (2:143)
All its rulings have fine measure and equality.
“He exalted the heavens and set up the scales.” (55:7)
Allah has instructed the Muslims to maintain equality in all matters. Allah says: “And when they spend, they do not spend wastefully, nor are they niggardly, and their way is between the two.” (25:67)
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) forbade excess. He said:
“Be careful! Do not exaggerate in religion, for your predecessors have perished because of their exaggeration.”
He has instructed the provision of equality and every person to realize his due.
“Surely you have a right to your Lord, you have a right to yourself, you have a right to your family, so give every right to its rightful owner.”