History of Hajj: Detailed focus on the etiquettes
According to Islam, Hajj is a necessary or obligatory act of worship. This is the 5th pillar of Islam. The word Hajj literally means ‘desire’ or ‘determination’. Today we will learn about the history of Hajj as well as the etiquettes. Considering the etiquette and manners, the 8th to 12th day of the month of Dhul Hijjah in certain places wearing certain clothes, circumambulation of Kaaba, animal sacrifice, throwing stones at certain places for 3 days in a row, and walking between Safa and Marwa hills is called Hajj. It is obligatory for every financially and physically able Muslim man and woman to perform Hajj once in a lifetime.
History of Hajj
The first Prophet of Islam, Hazrat Adam (AS), performed Hajj in the Kaaba. History of Hajj says, then the other prophets and messengers of Islam have performed this duty. Ibrahim (AS), from his time onwards Hajj is prescribed as an obligatory act of worship.
After the order from Allah, Ibrahim (AS) climbed the mountain named Abu Qubays and put his fingers in both ears. Then he turned to the east and to the west, and proclaimed, ‘O All people, your Lord has built His house and made the Hajj of this house obligatory upon you. Obey the command of your Lord.” This proclamation was spread all over the world by the command of Allah.
Circumambulation on the history of Hajj
Allah says, “I made a covenant with Ibrahim and Ismail that you should keep My House holy for those who circumambulate and those who do ‘Itikaf and those who bow and prostrate” It is understood from this verse that the circumambulation has started since the construction of the Kaaba.
Ramal means walking in a military-style. It started in the seventh Hijri. The messenger of Allah (SAW) returned from Hudaybiyah in the sixth Hijri without performing Umrah. According to the treaty of Hudaybiyah, he returned the following year for the purpose of performing Umrah. The time was Dhul Qadah month. Some of the Companions had a fever this year. So the polytheists of Makkah mocked the Muslims and said to each other, “A community is coming to you who have been weakened by the fever of Yasrab (Madinah).”
Hearing this, the Prophet said to his companion to walk in the style of the military forces of that era. This walking style is called ‘Ramal’. The purpose of this is to explain to the polytheists that the believer is never weak. Since then, the provisions of Ramal have been introduced.
Zam Zam water and Sa’I between Safa-Marwa
By the command of Allah, Ibrahim (AS) left his wife Hajera and child Ismail near the Kaaba. Before leaving, he prayed, “Our Lord, I have settled some of my descendants in an uncultivated valley near Your sacred House, our Lord, that they may establish prayer. So make hearts among the people incline toward them and provide for them from the fruits that they might be grateful.” (14: 37).
At one point in the uninhabited desert region, when the mother and child ran out of drinking water, they both became thirsty. In search of water, Mother Hajera climbed the Safa hill with the hope of seeing someone. Not seeing anyone, she came down from Safa and climbed Marwa hill with the same hope. Thus seven times she rushed from Safa hill to Marwa hill. But the results were the same every time.
This is the reason why people do Sa’i between Safa and Marwa. Mother Hajera heard a voice on the Marwa hill and said, ‘Stop!’ She heard the voice again and said, ‘I heard it, but tell me if you have any relief. Then she saw an angel digging in the ground with his ankles or wings in the place of ‘Zam-Zam’. At one point the water came out. Then the angel said to Hajera, “Do not be afraid of getting lost. Because here is the Baitullah (Kaaba), which this boy and his father will build. And Allah does not destroy His people.”
(To be continued) (Part 2)