Significance and Teachings of Surah Ar-Rum (Part 1)
This Surah was revealed in 615 AD and the migration to Abyssinia also took place in the same year. The prediction in the first verses of Surah Ar-Rum clearly proves that the Qur’an is the word of Allah and that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the true Messenger. To understand this, it is necessary to know about the historical events associated with these verses.
Historical background of Surah Ar-Rum
The Iranian army defeated the then Romans and occupied Jordan, Palestine, and the entire Sinai Peninsula, extending the borders of the Persian Empire to Egypt. It was a time when an even more important historical battle was going on in Makkah. Here the flag bearers of ‘Tawhid’ under the leadership of Muhammad (peace be upon him) were fighting with the flag bearers of Shirk under the leadership of the Quraish chiefs. This situation reached such a stage that in 615 AD, a large number of Muslims left their homeland and migrate to the Christian kingdom of Abyssinia.
Which was an ally of the Roman Empire, had to take refuge there. At that time, the conquest of Iran in the Roman Empire was in the public eye. Even the polytheists of Makkah were very happy with these words. They told the Muslims, “Look, the fire-worshipers of Iran have won, and the Christians who follow the revelation and the prophethood have been defeated one by one. In the same way, we, the idolaters of Arabia, will destroy you and your religion at once.”
Prediction of the Quran
In this situation, this Surah of the Quran was revealed and it was prophesied here: “The Romans have been defeated in a nearby country, but within a few years after this defeat they will be victorious again.” Two predictions have been made instead of one. One is that the Romans will defeat the idolaters of Iran and the other is that the Muslims will also conquer the polytheists at the same time. Apparently, neither of these two predictions had the slightest possibility of coming true in a few years.
Because there was only a handful of Muslims in Makkah at that time. They were being persecuted in Makkah. Even after this prediction, there was no sign of their victory in any way for eight years. On the other hand, the defeat of the Romans was increasing day by day.
The firmness of the Muslims in the prediction of the Quran
Thus, even after this prediction of the Quran, for seven or eight years, the situation was such that no one could have imagined that the Romans would conquer the Iranians. On the contrary, victory was far away and no one had any hope that this empire would survive in the future.
When this verse of the Quran was revealed, the disbelievers of Makkah began to ridicule it very coldly. Ubay ibn Khalaf bet with Abu Bakr (R). He says, “If the Romans win over the Iranians in three years, I will give you ten camels.” Otherwise, you will give me ten camels.” Upon learning of the bet, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said to Abu Bakr, “So keep the condition of ten years and increase the number of camels ten times more to one hundred.” Upon hearing this, Abu Bakr (R) spoke to Ubay again and made a new condition of 100 camels for ten years.
Predictions become true
In 622 AD, the Prophet (peace be upon him) migrated to Madinah. On the other hand, the Roman emperor Heraclius quietly left Constantinople and set out for Tribizon on the way to the Black Sea. There he prepared to attack Iran from behind. And in preparation for this attack, he appealed to the church for financial help. The head of the Christian church lent money to the church on the basis of interest on the money deposited in the church to protect Christianity from fire-worshipers.
Heraclius then invaded Armenia in 623 AD. The following year, in 624 AD, he entered Azerbaijan, destroyed Armenia, and destroyed the largest Iranian fireplace. Look at the glory of Allah! This is the year in which the Muslims also won the first final victory of Islam against the polytheists in the battle of Badr.
Thus, the two predictions mentioned in Surah Room are proved to be true at the same time before the expiration of the 10-year period.
(To be continued…)