Sunan al-Fitrah: What are the cleanliness obligations for a Muslim?
Allah has chosen certain practices for His Prophets (peace be upon him). Muslims are to follow these as well, they are known as Sunan al-Fitrah (Sunnah of human nature). Basically they comprise natural hygiene. There are many religious and worldly benefits in following these natural customs. For example: As a result, the whole body structure is beautiful and the body is clean.
Islam is a complete way of life
Allah Almighty says: “Verily, the only religion chosen by Allah is Islam.” Allah has sent the beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) to this world as the bearer of Islam, along with the Book of Truth and the Most Holy Guidance, the Qur’an.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) has been successful in his struggle to establish his religion in this land of Allah. And enlightened society from darkness.
There is no aspect of human life that he has left incomplete. That is why Allah has declared in the Qur’an,
“Today I have perfected your religion for you.”
The teachings of Islam are so extensive that the Prophet (peace be upon him) did not exclude from his teachings any important human nature. Which people have to do every week or month.
The natural actions of human beings are described in the hadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him). That which is necessary for all human beings to know and obey. It is also the key to human success.
Abu Hurairah (R) narrated that The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “There are five things inherent in human nature. Circumcision, cleaning the hair below the navel, trimming the mustache, cutting the nails and plucking the armpit hair. ”
Ayesha (R) also narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Ten deeds are natural for human beings.
1) Trimming the mustache;
2) Cutting fingernails and toenails;
3) Wash and keep all limbs clean;
4) Lengthen the beard;
5) Doing miswak(tooth-stick) regularly;
6) Rinse the nose with water;
7) Plucking the fur under the armpits;
8) Cleaning the fur below the navel;
9) Purification and defecation with water after urination.
10. The narrator of the Hadith Mus’ab ibn Shair said: ‘I forget what the tenth was, unless it is rinsing the mouth during Wudhu.
The mentioned works make the daily life of people pure and beautiful. Which was not left out of the vision and teachings of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
The mentioned acts are the fitrah or nature of a Muslim. Which was also part of other pre-Islamic teachings. All the prophets and messengers have taught all these natural matters.
Questions regarding Sunan al-Fitrah
Some people in the Masjid our outside let their nails grow long. And they are also filled with dirt. This leads to the question that is their Wudhu valid? Is there a specified time limit from Islam for cutting the nails or other things that are Sunan al-Fitrah?
It must be remembered that the nails must be cut at least once in every 40 days. Because the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), specified a time limit within which we should cut our nails, shave our pubic hair, pluck our armpit hair and trim our mustaches, and not leave it for more than 40 days. This is affirmed authentically by scholars. Anas (R) who was the servant of the Messenger of Allah, (peace be upon him) said: “He set a time limit for us to trim our mustaches, cut our nails, pluck our armpit hair and shave our pubic hair; we were not to leave that for more than 40 days.” (Muslim).
It was also narrated by Imam Ahmad (11823) and by Nasaa’I (14) with the wording: “The Messenger of Allah(peace be upon him), set a time limit for us. We were not to neglect our nails and mustaches, and shaving the pubic hair and plucking the armpit hair beyond 40 days.” Both men and women must pay attention to this matter and not leave the nails, mustache, pubic hair or armpit hair for more than 40 days. Although, Wudhu is valid and not affected by whatever dirt is under the nails. Because it is a small amount and may be looked over. (Bin Baz).