The best time to achieve Taqwa, Tazkiyah, and Ihsan is the month of Ramadan

Islam Contributor
Today's Focus
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Taqwa, Tazkiyah, and Ihsan are the three highest stages of Islam. The real purpose of Islamic law is to acquire these qualities.

Taqwa: meaning, significance, and importance

Taqwa means to avoid, to be careful, to be afraid, etc. In Islamic terminology, Taqwa means staying away from things that are forbidden by Allah and His Messenger. The essence of Taqwa is to be always fearful and vigilant in the fear of Allah. And to be always striving and anxious in the hope of gaining the love of Allah through following the Sunnah of the Prophet (SAW).

Taqwa is a very important issue in Islam. A true believer is guided to the path of religion by Taqwa. It is through Taqwa that a believer stays away from sin and is inspired to do good deeds. Allah says “This is the Book about which there is no doubt, a guidance for those conscious of Allah.” (2: 2)

“Unquestionably, [for] the allies of Allah (Those who believe and guard against evil) there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve.” (10:62)

Taqwa is an essential part of a believer’s life. It is through Taqwa that a believer is guided on the path of spiritual progress and is saved from moral degradation.

The month of Ramadan is the best time to achieve Taqwa. Taqwa is a prerequisite for gaining guidance. The main purpose of fasting in Ramadan is to achieve this Taqwa or become righteous. Allah says: “O you who believe, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous.” (2: 183)

Tazkiyah: meaning, significance, and importance

Tazkiyah means holiness, quality improvement, etc. In Islamic terminology, Tazkiyah refers to self-purification, spiritual purity, character excellence, and so on. Tazkiyah is basically the use of the human Nafs (i.e. soul) in a controlled manner. And to get rid of the negative qualities of human characters, such as greed, unjust desires, slander, backbiting, lies, violence, envy, arrogance, stinginess, etc.

Tazkiyah is a very important issue in human life. The real success of a believer depends on Tazkiyah. Allah says: “He has succeeded who purifies the soul.” (91: 9)

Ramadan is a favorable and helpful time for attaining Tazkiyah or self-purification. Because by fasting, people can easily abstain from all kinds of sins at this time. The Nafs comes under his control. That is the purpose of the revelation of the Book from Allah.

Ibrahim (AS) supplicated to Allah saying, “O Our Lord, and send among them a messenger from themselves who will recite to them Your verses and teach them the Book and wisdom and purify them. Indeed, You are the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” (2: 129)

The answer of Allah is: “Certainly did Allah confer [great] favor upon the believers when He sent among them a Messenger from themselves, reciting to them His verses and purifying them and teaching them the Book and wisdom, although they had been before in manifest error.” (3: 164)

Ihsan: Meaning, significance, and importance

Ihsan means kindness, mercy, grace, etc. Its main source is Husn (beauty) or Hasana (welfare). In the terminology of Islamic law, Ihsan is said to be the ultimate peak and the ultimate state of attaining nearness to Allah.

Gabriel asked the Prophet (SAW), “What is Ihsan?” In reply, the Prophet (SAW) said, “Ihsan is to worship Allah as if you were seeing Him; If that is not possible, then surely He (Allah) is watching over you.”

Achieving Ihsan is the ultimate goal of any provision of Islam. Through this, the mercy of Allah is best reflected on the servant and the servant also lost in the feeling of being most gracious to Allah. What is the way to achieve Ihsan? In this context, the scholars say that giving up selfishness and arrogance and being free from the slavery of the Nafs is a prerequisite for attaining Ihsan. The greatest achievement is, to be honest, and faithful to yourself. Helpful in this is the feeling of Ihsan or the presence of Allah. And this is the teaching of Ramadan.

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