The blessed celebration of Eid al-Adha

Bilalhassan88 / CC BY-SA (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)

Eid al-Adha is a blessed and special day of celebration for us. We read in a hadith that the Prophet (SAW) prohibited fasting on the days of Eid. Abu ‘Ubayd reported:

“Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, said, ‘O people, the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, has prohibited you from fasting on the days of these two celebrations (Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha). One of them is the day you break your fast and the other is the day you eat from your sacrifices.’” (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)

We read in another hadith that after the sacrifice on the day of Eid al-Adha, the Prophet (SAW) would say that the sacrifice was from him and those who were not able to offer a sacrifice. Jabir ibn Abdullah reported:

“I was present with the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, on Eid al-Adha at the place of prayer. When the Prophet finished his sermon, he came down from his pulpit and a ram was brought to him. The Prophet slaughtered it with his own hand, saying, ‘In the name of Allah and Allah is the greatest. This is from me and those of my nation who cannot offer a sacrifice.’” (Sunan al-Tirmidhi)

We also learn that after the Prophet (SAW) would lead the Eid prayer, he would ask people to donate to charity. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported:

“The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, would go out on the days of Eid and lead the prayer. When the Prophet finished the prayer and invoked peace, he would stand and turn to people while they were sitting in their places of prayer. If he needed to dispatch an expedition, he would mention it to the people. If he had another need, he would order them regarding it. The Prophet would say three times, ‘Give in charity.’ The women would give the most of those who gave, then the Prophet would return.” (Sahih Muslim)

There are particular Surahs that the Prophet (SAW) would recite during the Eid prayers. We read in a hadith:

“Al-Num’an ibn Bashir reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, would recite in the two Eid prayers and in the Friday prayer the chapters, ‘Glorify the name of your Lord the Most High,’ (87:1) and, ‘Has there come to you the report of the overwhelming?’ (88:1). If the Eid and Friday prayers occurred on the same day, he would recite them in both prayers.” (Sahih Muslim)

On the day of Eid, the congregational prayer would be performed first and the delivery of the sermon would follow that. Ibn Abbas reported:

“I witnessed the prayer on the day of Eid al-Fitr with the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, and Abu Bakr, Umar, and Uthman, may Allah be pleased with them. They performed the prayer before the sermon, then would deliver the sermon.” (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)

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