The Orphans who Changed the World

Understanding Child Psychology

Orphans should not be ignored. It is not allowed to neglect and rudely treat them. One of the reasons why Allah (SWT) punished the children of Israel was that they did not fulfill the rights of orphans. Allah says, “And [recall] when We took the covenant from the Children of Israel, [enjoining upon them], “Do not worship except Allah; and to parents do good and to relatives, orphans, and the needy. And speak to people. Good [words] and establish prayer and give zakah.” Then you turned away, except a few of you, and you were refusing.” (Surat al-Baqarah [verse 83])

The word orphan is used 23 times in the Quran. Below is a description of the world-changing orphans:

Muhammad (SAW)

Muhammad (SAW) has got the highest honor from Allah (SWT). He was an orphan. For 23 years, he has carried out his duty as a prophet. In Islam, a particular focus has been given on the care of orphans. The Qur’an says, “Worship Allah and associate nothing with Him, and to parents do good, and to relatives, orphans, the needy, the near neighbor, the neighbor farther away, the companion at your side, the traveler, and those whom your right hands possess. Indeed, Allah does not like those who are self-deluding and boastful.” (Surat An-Nisa [verse 36])

Isa (AS)

Jesus or Isa (AS) was fatherless. He could also be called an orphan. The Holy Qur’an says, “Indeed, the example of Jesus to Allah is like that of Adam. He created Him from dust; Then He said to him, “Be,” and he was. The truth is from your Lord, so do not be among the doubters.” (Surat Ali ‘Imran [verse 59-60])

Adam (AS) was created without such parents. In the same way, Jesus (AS) was created without a father.

Musa (AS)

One of the prophets and messengers of God, Moses (AS) was an orphan. His responsibility was brought to his mother by Allah Almighty. In this regard, Allah the Almighty says, “And We inspired to the mother of Moses, “Suckle him; but when you fear for him, cast him into the river and do not fear and do not grieve. Indeed, We will return him to you and will make him [one] of the messengers” (Surat al-Qasas [verse 7])

Allah grew up Orphan Musa (AS) in the house of his eternal enemy Pharaoh. There is no information in the Holy Qur’an about his father because he was raised as an orphan.

Through the above discussion, we understand that the orphans were the bearers of three of the four heavenly books of Allah (SWT). Apart from them, several other great orphans have changed the world through their deeds. For example, Al-Shafi’i and Abu Hanifa were orphans. Ahmad ibn Hanbal, the founder of The Hanbali School, was also an orphan.

Prominent hadith scholar Muhammad al-Bukhari and hadith commentator Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani were among the orphans. The famous Arab poet Al-Mutanabbi spent his childhood without his father’s caress.

The 1st president of the United States, George Washington, The 16th president Of USA, Abraham Lincoln, and Steve Jobs, the founder of Apple, were also orphans.