The Untold Story of the jewel city Baghdad

World Contributor
Muslims Baghdad
Baghdad, Iraq – 21 April, 2020: photo for Al-Mustansiriya School in Baghdad city in Iraq, which showing Some windows and doors built in the old Abbasid style.


The city of Baghdad is called the jewel of the golden age of Islam. It was the capital city replaced during the Abbasid caliphate. It became the centre of culture, philosophy, art, science, education, the political and economic hub of the caliphate. And was a remarkable place for Muslims with a rich Islamic culture. The society grew and flourished from this city.

The unique architecture of Baghdad:

No one can overlook the unique architecture of Baghdad, The Thousands of architects, engineers, workers, diggers, and stakeholders took the role in making it a great city. They spent millions on the construction of this historic city. The tremendous Persian stonework is still present over there.

The centre of knowledge:

The city being the capital city, was made the centre of learning and knowledge. Many people around the world, including students, scholars, scientists, religious people, workers, and politicians, visited the capital city to learn modern knowledge. This city had an enormous library. Students used to read multiple books, including religion and arts, from that library. Hence, Baghdad was a metropolitan city. A place where a diverse range of learners gathered and shared their knowledge and experience.

The qualities of Baghdad to become Capital City

Baghdad was selected as the capital city because of its many qualities. Firstly, its temperate weather remained bearable throughout the year. Secondly, it was a juncture of many trade routes, and thirdly, it had a vast area. The military took most of the city’s part for its protection. Hence, with many more qualities, it was a perfect city for being the jewel of Islam.

The city of wisdom:

Baghdad also possessed the city of the wisdom of the Abbasid caliphate. It was a primary learning center with a monumental library, a translation centre, where scholars or religious people used to discuss important matters. Baghdad was not only a capital city but also a center of the Abbasid caliphate. It was later named jewel of Islamic history due to its making and breaking role in Islamic history.

A place of multiple civilisations:

Being the capital city, Baghdad accommodated a large number of people in it. Many people around the world were attracted to the place due to high-quality education centres, hospitals, schools, colleges, universities, and research centres. Therefore, people from many countries visited there to learn and share their experiences with the natives of Baghdad.

Causes of decline:

Despite being the centre of the caliphate, the city of Baghdad declined egregiously. It is said that there were multiple reasons for this downfall, but primarily, as the Abbasid caliphate reached its end, the city’s downfall also started quickly.

Lessons from Baghdad:

Baghdad was the capital city of the Abbasid caliphate. Being the hub of socio-cultural, political, economic, religious, educational, and a wide range of other activities, it flourished. But later on, its decline started because all the productive indicators mentioned above also faded away. As the caliphate reached its end, the city of Baghdad lost its charm and glory.


Baghdad was the capital city of the Abbasid caliphate. It was a remarkable city that played a significant role in Islam’s golden age, but its historic downfall is considered as a painful story even today.

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