The Virtues of Muharram & Ashura
In the noble Quran, it is mentioned that Allah has created the year with 12 months in it. But out of the 12 months, He has chosen four sanctified months and they are Zul-Qadah, Zul-hijjah, Muharram and Rajab.
“Indeed the number of months with Allah is twelve (lunar) months in the register of Allah (from) the day He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred. That is the correct religion, so do not wrong yourselves during them” (Quran 9:36).
It is without a doubt, that Muharram – which marks the first month in the Islamic calendar – is holy and it is regarded as the second holiest month after Ramadan. This month is so blessed by Allah SWT that He declared the month of Muharram as His month and named it as the month of Allah.
We are aware of the virtues of the month of Ramadan, but the month of Muharram also has its own virtues.
Besides it being declared as the month of Allah, fasting in Muharram is considered most beneficial compared to other months except for Ramadan.
On the tenth day of Muharram is the Day of Ashura, which is an important day in the Islamic calendar. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) used to fast on this day and encouraged others to do the same too.
Ibn Abbas said: “I never saw the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W more concerned about fasting than on the day of Ashura, and in the month of Muharram.”
The virtues of fasting on the Day of Ashura is that it serves a compensation for the minor sins of the past year.
The Day of Ashura is full of blessings. On this sacred day, if we are extra generous, Allah SWT bestows great blessings to his servants.
In a hadith, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) says: “He who will be generous to his family on the day of Ashura, Allah will be generous to him for the entire year.”
On the 10th of Muharram, there were other historical incidents that happened as well such as:
- Allah SWT enabled Prophet Nuh’s arch to land peacefully
- Allah SWT united Prophet Ya’qoob with his son Yussuf
- Allah SWT saved Prophet Ibrahim from the tyrant Nimrood
- Prophet Musa was saved from the Pharaoh when Allah SWT split the sea for him
- Allah SWT forgave Prophet Adam for his wrongdoing
- Prophet Yunus was safely let out from a whale’s stomache
All of these incidents served as a day of celebration and rejoicing.
The Holy Prophet fasted on this day and said “If I lived until next year, I shall fast on the 9th as well as 10th of Muharram.”
May Allah SWT bless our beloved Prophet SAW and bestow blessings upon us throughout the month of Muharram.