‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab (RA)

The Prophet (SAW) said in a hadith that ʻUmar Ibn Al-Khattab (RA) is among those who we should follow the example of. Ibn Mas’ud reported:

“The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, ‘Follow the example of these two men from my companions after me, Abu Bakr and Umar. Be guided by the guidance of ‘Ammar and adhere to the advice of Ibn Mas’ud.’” (Sunan al-Tirmidhi)

In another hadith we learn that the Prophet (SAW) had a dream about ʻUmar Ibn Al-Khattab (RA). Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported:

“The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, ‘While I was sleeping, I saw people displayed before me. They were wearing shirts, some of which covered their chests and some of which covered below that. Umar ibn al-Khattab passed by me and he was wearing a shirt dragging behind him.’ They said, ‘What is its interpretation, O Messenger of Allah?’ The Prophet said, ‘The religion.’” (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)

We also learn that once, when ʻUmar Ibn Al-Khattab (RA) visited the Prophet (SAW), he saw that the Prophet (SAW) was lying on a mat which had left marks on his body. He also noticed that the Prophet (SAW)’s cupboard only contained a small amount of barley and mimosa leaves. On seeing this, ʻUmar Ibn Al-Khattab (RA) began to cry. We read:

Umar ibn al-Khattab reported: I entered the room of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, while he was lying on his side over a mat. I sat down as he drew up his lower garment and he was not wearing anything else. The mat had left marks on his side. I looked at the Prophet’s cupboard and I saw a handful of barely in a small amount, the same of mimosa leaves in the corner, and a leather bag hanging to the side. My eyes started to tear up, and the Prophet said, “What makes you weep, son of Khattab?” I said, “O Prophet of Allah, why should I not cry that this mat has left marks on your side and I see little in this cupboard? Caesar and Khosrau live among fruits and springs, while you are the Messenger of Allah and His chosen, yet this is your cupboard.” The Prophet said, “O son of Khattab, are you not pleased that they are for us in the Hereafter and for them in the world?” I said, “Of course.” (Sahih Muslim)

This also reminds us that the riches and the wealth of this Dunya indeed are only temporary and true happiness and peace is found only in Jannah.

We read in a hadith that ʻUmar Ibn Al-Khattab (RA) asked Abu Bakr (RA) to order for the Qur’an to be compiled. Zayd ibn Thabit reported:

“Abu Bakr sent for me after the people of Al-Yamamah were killed and Umar ibn al-Khattab was with him. Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, said, ‘Umar came to me and said that many reciters of the Quran were killed in the fighting at Al-Yamamah, saying: I am afraid more reciters will be killed in battles to come and much of the Quran will be lost, and I think you should order for the Quran to be compiled. I said to Umar: How can you do something that was not done by the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him? Umar said: By Allah, this will be a good thing. Umar continued to appeal to me until Allah opened my heart to that and I saw the good in it that Umar saw.’” (Sahih Bukhari)