Uzbekistan’s foreign trade difficulties: President Mirziyoyev announces action plan
On February 5, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev held a meeting on the priorities for reforming the system of foreign economic activity.
In his recent address to the Oliy Majlis, the Head of State noted the need for improving the control system and infrastructure in foreign trade. In particular, he noted the need for reforms based on foreign experience of the activities of customs, sanitary, quarantine, veterinary and other services that carry out control activities at customs posts.
The inconsistency in the organisation of work in this area, which has continued for many years, leads to certain difficulties in implementation of foreign trade. This is evidenced by the position of the country in the ranking of Doing Business of the World Bank in the direction of Cross-border trade – 152nd place among 190 countries.
Issues of improving Uzbekistan’s position in this rating and improving the work of regulatory agencies based on the world experience were discussed at the meeting.
As is known, in many countries, customs authorities receive information about the cargo before it arrives at the border, which speeds up the passage through control. In Uzbekistan last year, only 344 out of 416 thousand declarations were drawn up before cargo arrived at the border. Advanced notice of cargo was carried out in 98 percent of cases of carriage by road and is completely absent when transported by rail.
In this regard, instructions were given on establishing a system in which control is carried out not at the border, but before the arrival of the cargo at the border or after the output is put into free circulation within the country.