When Hajar Al-Aswad was stolen from Kaaba

History Contributor
Hajar al-Aswad
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The black stone of the holy Kaaba which is known as ‘Hajar Al-Aswad’ is not an ordinary stone. Rather, this stone is associated with every Muslim. This stone is located in the eastern corner of the holy Kaaba.

Whenever Muslims around the world visit the Kaaba for the purpose of performing Hajj or Umrah, they all try to kiss this precious stone from Paradise. This precious stone is now securely enclosed in a silver frame. Those who go to see it will see it perfectly by opening the frame.

This stone is considered sacred by the Muslims since it was restored by the Prophet (peace be upon him) and Allah sent it from Paradise to the earth as a blessing. It is also known as the foundation of the Holy Kaaba.

Who stole this precious stone?

What many may not know is that the Hajar Al-Aswad stone was stolen from Makkah and it is possible to bring the stone back to the Kaaba after a long 23 years! It was stolen by the Karmatians in January 930 CE. Karmatian leader Abu Tahir al-Karmati stole this precious black stone and took it to Hazar base (present Bahrain).

Abu Tahir al-Karmati was the ruler of the Karmati kingdom of ancient Bahrain. His brother Abu Sa’id Hasan ibn Bahram Al-Jannabi was the founder of the Karmatian kingdom. After his death, Abu Tahir al-Karmati was elected leader of the Karmatians in 923 AD.

During his reign, the kingdom expanded somewhat. He raided Basra in 923 AD and Kufa in 927 AD. He also threatened to seize Baghdad and occupy much of Iraq. At that time no one considered him a peaceful leader.

The way the Karmatians stole Hajar Al-Aswad

In 930, the Karmatian leader Abu Tahir made a terrible plan. He planned to attack the holy city of Makkah. When he first arrived in Makkah, he was not allowed to enter. For this reason, he entered Makkah on the condition that he would not cause any chaos in Makkah.

However, he did not keep his oath after entering Makkah. What he did after entering Makkah was not a message of peace at all. On the first day of the Hajj, as planned before, the Karmatians invaded the holy city of Makkah. The army of the Karmatians came with their horses and entered the Masjid al-Haram.

Then they brutally massacred the pilgrims. According to the report, about 30,000 pilgrims were killed while praying around the Kaaba.

The Karmatians were mocking the verses of the Holy Quran and killing the pilgrims.

They looted the holy Kaaba, destroyed many buildings, looted houses around the Kaaba, captured slaves, and dumped the dead bodies of pilgrims in the waters of the Zamzam and in the streets of the Kaaba.

Failed attempt of Karmatians

Abu Tahir, the leader of the Karmantians, snatched the Hajar Al-Aswad stone from the Kaaba and left it in his own possession. He stole it from the Kaaba and took it to the Masjid Al-Dirar so that it could be placed there. He wanted to make the Masjid Al-Dirar a holy place and redirect the Masjid Al-Dirar as a place of pilgrimage, excluding the Kaaba. But his misfortune was not implemented even for a moment.

For all these injustices, he died in such a horrible condition that all the flesh of his body was eaten by worms. The stone was snatched from the Karmatians again in exchange for a huge ransom 23 years after the theft.

During the Abbasid rule, Hajar Al-Aswad was brought back and re-erected in the place of the Holy Kaaba. But during this transfer, the stone was broken into seven pieces.

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