Why didn’t Allah (SWT) make all people rich?
All power to fulfil human needs is in Almighty Allah’s hands. Yet He hasn’t made all the people of the world rich. If He wanted, He could give the same wealth to all the people of the world. He has also set an example of this in the world. In the case of breast milk, for example, the world’s rich and poor have equal rights and He has set the same standard for all. The question is, why did Allah SWT not make all people rich?
In the verses of the Qur’an, there are five reasons for this.
1. Everyone is not made rich to benefit from each other. Allah says, “Do they distribute the mercy of your Lord? It is We who have apportioned among them their livelihood in the life of this world and have raised some of them above others in degrees [of rank] that they may make use of one another for service. But the mercy of your Lord is better than whatever they accumulate.” (Surat Az-Zukhruf [verse 32])
2. When some people get the wealth they become arrogant. Qarun, for example, was arrogant and cruel. Allah says, “Indeed, Qarun was from the people of Moses, but he tyrannised them. And We gave him treasures whose keys would burden a band of strong men; thereupon his people said to him, “Do not exult. Indeed, Allah does not like the exultant.” (Surat Al-Qasas [verse 76])
All people have not been given ample wealth for this so that people cannot be arrogant. Allah says, “And if Allah had extended [excessively] provision for His servants, they would have committed tyranny throughout the earth. But He sends [it] down in an amount which He wills. Indeed He is, of His servants, Acquainted and Seeing.” (Surat Ash-Shuraa [verse 27])
3. Allah SWT has made some people wealthy and some poor. That is the realisation of human rights for the rich and the test of tolerance for the poor. Allah says, “And do not extend your eyes towards that by which We have given enjoyment to [some] categories of them, [its being but] the splendour of worldly life by which we test them. And the provision of your Lord is better and more enduring.” (Surat Taha [verse 131])
4. The good news for those who have not been rich is that Allah the Almighty has promised to enrich their afterlife in return. The requirement for this, one should go to the grave with good deeds. Allah says, “Whoever should desire the immediate – We hasten for him from it what we will to whom we intend. Then We have made for him Hell, which he will [enter to] burn, censured and banished.” (Surat al-Isra [verses 18-19])
5. If all the people were made wealthy, the immorality of the entire world would increase. In this regard, the Qur’an says, “And when we intend to destroy a city, We command its affluent but they definitely disobey therein; so the word comes into effect upon it, and We destroy it with [complete] destruction.” (Surat al-Isra [verse 16])
Allah SWT did not make all people rich to sustain human society.